Story and photo by Kristen Cart
Often a reader will turn our blog in a whole new direction by revealing a facet of the grain business we had not explored. In the case of Horner & Wyatt, an engineering and design firm out of Kansas City, reader David Chatt piqued our interest by asking us to locate some of their work. His grandfather, Oliver Howard Horner, a partner in the company, died in the late 1930s. David wanted to know more about the sites he had helped design. The quest seemed to be right up our alley.
It might be possible to discover the identity of the architects at elevator offices, but the common method of checking for the builder’s name on elevator manhole covers would only reveal the guys who poured the concrete. At McCook, Neb., a plaque inside the elevator names the designers. But newspaper accounts, journals, or local histories are the best way to learn about the architects of most elevators, especially for the large projects that changed the face of their communities.
David told us the Galveston elevator, which was destroyed some years ago, was the only Horner & Wyatt site he could find. Further investigation revealed the company as a major player in elevator architecture, active as early as the 1920s. Our search for their projects revealed a completely different side of grain storage requirements: the end of the logistics trail, or the terminal elevator. We located a few of them, and most appeared to be massive.
Oliver H. Horner was an electrical engineer working for Black & Veach at the time he registered for the draft in 1917. By 1921, he was a partner in his own firm, based in Kansas City. In the 1930s he was engineering some of the biggest elevator projects in the country. He was still listed in that capacity in the city directory as late as 1939. Newspaper accounts described Horner & Wyatt as “consulting engineers” on various projects, which became increasingly complex as time went on.
Some of the sites we found, which were completed during Oliver’s lifetime, were elevators at El Reno, Okla., the Gooch Feed Mill at Lincoln, Neb., and the levee terminal at Kaw Point in Kansas City, Kan. The company continued to design massive elevators into the 1950s at sites such as Happy and Lubbock, Tex., and the port terminal at Corpus Christi, Tex. Doubtless the designs for the later projects built upon the experience and ideas that went before and bore the unmistakable imprint of the company’s earlier engineers.
Oliver H. Horner left a legacy to be proud of, with elevators and mills still standing and operating in premier locations around the country. Horner and Wyatt was one of the top engineering companies working during the twentieth-century elevator boom. It’s very nice that one of our readers took the time to point them out.
Found it! Thank you!
Which firms purchased or became successors to Horner & Wyatt? I would like to find the old drawings for an elevator on the southern side of Omaha, NE, which has the cast plaque embedded in the wall.
The firm merged with Dwyer & Kite, forming a company called Horner & Wyatt-Dwyer & Kite, according to The Kansas City Star, 23 July 1967. Consulting engineers, after the merger, were Phil C. Wohlt and T. B. Brooker.
The firm Horner & Wyatt was formed in 1916 under the name Sherman Engineering, then took the name Horner & Wyatt in 1923.
Occasionally the elevator operator retains the plans for the elevator. You may want to check the site.
I do not have a newer name for the consulting firm, but I will check on it and see if there is more current information available. AIA may have a directory that would give you the information you need.
thanks. the operator of South Mill, previously Con-Agra, now merged into the Colorado based largest flour miller does not seem to have access to these plans.
Is there a source of information for the original levee grain elevator at Kaw Point, Kansas City KS?
I want to know more about its history since I pass it everyday to/from work.
Most of our information for this post came from publications and newspapers from the time Horner and Wyatt was active. Many of those publications are out of copyright and available online, and they can be found using a search engine. Newspapers come from pay sites that should be available at your public library. I will try to find a reference for Kaw Point in particular for you, and I will post what I find.
I just acquired what appears to be an original architectural rendering in pencil of the Shellabarger grain elevator in Salina KS by Horner & Wyatt. I am interested in selling it.
Please contact me!
Hello Marc I responded this afternoon from my phone and am not sure if it came as a reply or a new comment. I wanted to make sure you get my message. Oliver Horner was my grandfather. I would love to talk with you about the drawings you have. Do you know the year they were produced?